Planet-Hunting Kepler Telescope Lifts Its Lid – With Edna DeVore
The hunt is on. The Kepler spacecraft opened to the universe this week and is getting set to search for Earth-size planets around distant stars. Perhaps we’ll find a home for E.T. I’m simply thrilled that this critical next step went off without a hitch.
On Tuesday evening, the Kepler spacecraft blew its lid. Well, actually it was a lot calmer than that; the cover was ejected in a carefully engineering maneuver.
At 7:13:36 PM, engineers at Kepler’s mission operations center at the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP), Boulder, Colo., sent commands to pass an electrical current through a “burn wire” to break the wire and release a latch holding the cover closed. The spring-loaded cover swung open on a fly-away hinge, and then drifted away from the spacecraft.
The telescope’s oval-shaped dust cover, measuring 1.7 meters by 1.3 meters (67 inches by 52 inches), protected the photometer from contamination before and after launch. The dust cover also blocked stray light from entering the telescope during launch -v light that could have damaged its sensitive detectors. In addition, the cover was important for calibrating the photometer. Images taken in the dark helped characterize noise coming from the instrument’s electronics, and this noise will later be removed from the actual science data.
“The cover released and flew away exactly as we designed it to do,” said Kepler Project Manager James Fanson of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. “This is a critical step toward answering a question that has come down to us across 100 generations of human history – are there other planets like Earth, or are we alone in the galaxy?”
“Now the photometer can see the stars and will soon start the task of detecting the planets,” said Kepler’s Science Principal Investigator William Borucki at NASA’s Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif. “We have thoroughly measured the background noise so that our photometer can detect minute changes in a star’s brightness caused by planets.”
Deputy Principal Investigator, Dr. David Koch, watched the cover ejection from NASA Ames Research Center, celebrating with the Kepler Science Operations Center team.
“Besides launch, this was the most critical event for the Kepler spacecraft, and everything went as expected,” he said. “The spacecraft settled after the ejection, and the star trackers were rock solid. The first images have been taken, and we look forward to reviewing those shortly. It was a truly exciting event.”
With the cover off, starlight is entering the photometer and being imaged onto its focal plane. Engineers will continue calibrating the instrument using images of stars for another several weeks, after which science observations will begin.
As a member of the Kepler team, I’m thrilled that the next major milestone has been achieved. The month following launch was devoted to spacecraft commissioning. The engineering team spent the time testing the onboard systems to assure all that the spacecraft was working correctly. The ejection of the cover marks the beginning of astronomical observations, the beginning of the search for Earth-like planets around distant stars. We’re on the eve of discovery, and I’m eagerly awaiting the dawn.
Kepler is a NASA Discovery mission. NASA’s Ames Research Center Ames is the home organization of the science principal investigator, and is responsible for the ground system development, mission operations and science data analysis. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., manages the Kepler mission development. Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, Colo., is responsible for developing the Kepler flight system and supporting mission operations. Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado at Boulder, is home to the mission operations center.
The SETI Institute and Lawrence Hall of Science are responsible for Kepler Mission education and public outreach. Scientists and engineers from about 30 universities, NASA centers and non-profit organizations are Co-investigators and/or members of the science working group in support of the Kepler Mission.
By Edna DeVore, SETI Institute
Co-I Kepler Education and Public Outreach